Itching can occur anywhere, not least on the soles of your feet. The feet are very prone to itching because some people often leave their feet in sweaty conditions, and use various types of footwear. In addition, several things that can cause itching on the soles of the feet such as fungal infections of the feet or tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), moisture, an environment that causes the skin to become dry, bacteria, viruses, insect bites, scabies or mite infections, and others.
In the medical world, itchiness that irritates and makes someone want to scratch it is known as pruritus. Itching on the soles of the feet cannot be considered trivial, because it can interfere with your daily activities. Itching is often a symptom of certain diseases, but if not treated or if itching is often scratched it can cause secondary infections due to scratching wounds.
This causes of itching in the soles of the feet
Itching in the soles of the feet can be caused by several things, including:
Fungal infections of the feet or tinea pedis (athlete’s foot)
Fungal infections of the feet or tinea pedis will make infected skin itchy, red, scaly, dry, cracked, or blistered. This disease is caused by fungi that grow and multiply on the skin. The fungus that causes infection develops in a warm, dark and humid place, such as on the feet. Some things that can make you infected with this fungus are not keeping your feet clean and dry, using shoes that make your feet hot / hot and sweating, walking without using footwear at a place where fungal infections can spread (for example in a gym or swimming pool), exchange using toiletries or clothing with people infected with fungi (such as socks, towels or shoes), have a weakened immune system, and suffer from health conditions such as diabetes. This fungal infection can easily spread to others by touching infected skin or contact with contaminated surfaces or objects. Although it is not a serious problem, itching that is caused by tinea pedis must still be treated to stop its spread to other parts of the body or to other people. Usually, treatment involves using creams, sprays, or antifungal fluids to eradicate fungi and help keep your feet clean.
Dry feet skin
Dry skin often causes itching. This condition also occurs quite often in the legs. Dry and cracked soles of the feet will cause discomfort in the form of itching or pain if dry skin has caused crusts and open sores. There are several causes of dry feet, namely cold air, dehydration, hot bathing habits, use of irritating soap, frequent polishing of dry feet, and diabetes. Treatment of dry feet skin is to avoid trigger factors and use skin moisturizers.
Itching in the soles of the feet can also be caused by insect bites. Insects such as bees, ants, fleas, mosquitoes, wasps, and possibly spiders, can sting or bite when they feel disturbed or threatened. Mosquito or ant bites also often make itchy on the soles of your feet. If you experience itching on the soles of the feet due to insect bites, you can use an antigatal cream to treat it. Although relatively rare, insect bites can cause dangerous allergic or anaphylactic reactions. If there are symptoms of itching all over the body, coughing or shortness of breath some time after being bitten by an insect, then you should immediately see a doctor or emergency room to get immediate treatment.
Mite or scabies infection
Mite or scabies infection is better known as scabies. Itching that is caused by scabies is generally not felt in the legs, but this infection can cause itching in the soles of the feet in scabies patients with weak body immunity. Typical symptoms of scabies include severe rashes and itching and worsening at night. Salt in areas that itch continuously can cause infection. Scabies can occur in the area of the wrist, elbow, armpit, waist, buttocks and between fingers. Scabies can be experienced by adults, children and toddlers. Treatment of scabies usually includes ointments, creams, lotions, and also oral medications to relieve itching and inflammation of the skin. Anti-scabies ointment is applied throughout the body at night except for the face, and left overnight. Follow how to use according to the doctor’s advice.
Scabies is a skin disease that can be contagious. Disease-causing ticks are very important to eradicate. The ways that can be done are: washing the bed or bed linen and blankets that have come into contact with the patient using hot water, and drying them until the lice die. Avoid sharing toiletries or clothing.
Certain medical conditions
Itching in the soles of the feet or other areas of the feet can also be caused by certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, cancer, peripheral neuropathy, psoriasis, kidney disease, and others. To treat the itchy soles of the feet caused by these conditions, in addition to treatment and maintaining the moisture of the foot skin, of course the comorbidities also need to be treated.
Dermatitis in the legs
The cause of itching on the other foot is contact dermatitis due to shoes. This often happens because the skin on the feet reacts to certain substances (allergens) in footwear. Many different products and chemicals are used in the manufacture of footwear. Allergies may be caused by certain ingredients found in footwear, for example leather or rubber, chemicals in the glue used, or decorations used on shoes. Symptoms include swelling, redness, blisters or cracks on the skin, sensation of pain, itching, and also pain. This allergy can develop for a long time, because the skin on the foot is repeatedly exposed to certain allergens found in shoes. Some ingredients that are known to cause allergies in footwear are rubber, skin, metal, or the chemical content of dyes. To treat this condition you need to avoid contact with irritant ingredients and use anti-inflammatory drugs as recommended by your doctor.
After knowing the cause of itching on the soles of the feet, you are still advised to always keep your feet clean. Here are some tips to maintain the health of your feet, such as keeping your feet dry and clean, paying attention to the condition of the feet whether there are problems or not (eg itching or other), cut your nails regularly, keep your feet in public places (such as in the gym or swimming pool), avoid sharing shoes or socks with other people because the fungus can move, choose socks and footwear that allows the foot skin to “breathe” (not hot / moist) or can keep the legs from being too closed and stuffy , use shoes or footwear of the right size.
If some of these tips you have applied but itching in the soles of the feet or the area of the surrounding legs does not go away, or if itching often recurs, there is a chronic disease, a history of exposure to irritating substances, large crusts or sores due to itching and frequent scratching, itching followed by sensation numb or numb, immediately consult a doctor to get proper treatment.